Basements often suffer from flooding and seepage problems due to several reasons. Poor drainage, faulty sump pump, and cracks in the walls are the most common causes of basement flooding. If you notice cracks in the basement wall, the structure itself might be compromised. In this article, we’ll talk about everything you need to know about basement wall repair. We will explore why basement walls fail and how basement wall repair can address the issue.

Signs That You Need Basement Wall Repair

No structural issue goes unnoticed. There are common indicators that you may need wall repair in your basement space. Have your walls inspected and repaired when you notice the following signs:

  • Water Damage
  • Mold Growth
  • Horizontal or Vertical Cracks
  • Stair Stepping
  • Sticking Doors and Windows
  • Uneven Floors
  • Crumbling Plaster
  • Cracking Floors
  • Bowing Walls
  • Torn Wallpaper

Common Causes of Basement Wall Failure

Saturated Soil

When soil is saturated, it means the spaces between soil particles are filled with water. This happens due to heavy rainfall, poor grading, and improper drainage. As the amount of moisture in the ground increases, it exerts pressure on the foundation walls. When there’s too much pressure, the basement walls may start to crack or bow inward. The structure itself might get damaged by expansive soil in the long run.

You can prevent saturated soil from damaging your home by ensuring proper grading. We recommend that the ground around your property should slope away from the foundation walls to avoid water seeping inside.

Improper Construction

Poorly constructed basement walls are bound to fail from the start. If your basement walls are built using low-quality materials, there’s a high chance of basement wall failure. That’s why you shouldn’t hire an unprofessional basement remodeler. Expect problems like poor workmanship and costly mistakes when you work with an unreliable contractor.

Hydrostatic Pressure

Related to saturated soil, hydrostatic pressure is a common problem in below-ground structures. When the groundwater level is pooling up at your foundation, this can create hydrostatic pressure on your basement walls. When too much pressure is exerted against the walls and foundation, cracks and bulges will start to appear. This problem is more likely to happen when you don’t have a proper drainage system.

Understanding hydrostatic pressure is essential for designing and remodeling your basement. You can reduce the risk of hydrostatic pressure by ensuring proper grading and implementing waterproofing methods. Have your basement inspected by a professional remodeler who can identify any potential issues.

Different Basement Wall Repair Techniques

Wall Plate Anchors

If your basement walls are starting to bow due to hydrostatic pressure, wall plate anchors can fix them. This method involves installing a long metal rod to bowing or leaning walls. The heavy-duty metal plate is secured to the ground to reverse the inward movement and help stabilize the wall. Installing wall plate anchors is an effective and permanent way to repair most basement wall problems.

Carbon Fiber Staples

Whether you have structural or non-structural cracks, carbon fiber staples can stabilize basement walls against lateral loads. These thin, flat strips made of carbon fiber material are positioned in the cracks without the need for excavation. After this, a layer of epoxy resin is applied over the staples to cover them. 

When installed properly, these staples ensure that the cracks will no longer worsen in the long run. Installing carbon fiber staples should only be performed by a qualified remodeler to ensure maximum performance and intended results.

Epoxy Crack Injection

If you only notice minimal hairline cracks on your basement walls, epoxy injections can suffice. This technique involves injecting epoxy resin into the cracks and gaps. Once all gaps have been filled, the epoxy resin will cure and prevent water from seeping in. While epoxy crack injection is quick and cost-effective, keep in mind that it does not address structural damage.

Work With Our Trusted Basement Remodelers

For more basement design tips and tricks, turn to Pittsburgh Basement Remodeling. We provide the most comprehensive basement solutions from basement renovation to repairs. Our goal is to transform your unused basement into something functional. With our excellent workmanship and customer service, we can design a basement plan that suits your budget and lifestyle. Give us a call to schedule an appointment with our team!